Abstract : Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of job characteristics and non-regular work on the toothbrushing habit and oral check-up in Korean worker. Methods: This study was approved for the use of raw data from the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KAHANES, 2016). The raw data was analyzed by complex sampling analysis using IBM SPSS Statistics 21.0 (Chicago, IL, USA). Statistical significance was determined as P
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Abstract : Objectives: This study evaluated oral health-related quality of life (OHQoL) before and after orthodontic treatment (orthodontic-tx) using the modified Oral Impact on Daily Performance (OIDP) questionnaire.Methods: Ninety-six subjects (32 males, 64 females; 48 ranging between 12-17 years, 48 ranging between 18-29 years) who completed orthodontic-tx in two dental clinics in Busan from May to December 2013 participated in this study. The participants self-reported their OHQoL on the Korean translated version of the OIDP before and during orthodontic-tx when the brackets were removed from their teeth. The OHQoL was again measured 1 month later. The visual analogue scale (VAS) from 0 (never) to 10 (definitely yes) was used to quantify the OHQoL. The physical, psychological, and social effects of the orthodontic-tx on daily performance were analyzed according to age and gender. Results: The OHQoL score was lower during the orthodontic-tx (7.49±0.19) than before (5.51±0.18), but the final OHQoL score, after orthodontic-tx (9.39±0.07), was higher than the score before treatment. The trend was the same over all sub performances. Before orthodontic-tx, the OHQoL score related to psychological performance (6.98±0.22) was the lowest compared to physical and social performance. During orthodontic-tx, the scores related to physical performance, especially in the older (0.7 times) and female (0.62 times) groups, decreased the most compared to before treatment. Psychological performance, especially in the older (1.81 times) and female (1.66 times) groups, increased the most after orthodontic-tx.Conclusions: This study confirmed that orthodontic-tx affects the OHQoL according to age and gender. Specific approaches, classified by age and gender, are needed to improve the quality of life of orthodontic dental patients.
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Abstract : Objectives: The water fluoridation program in Hapcheon township area has been implemented since 2000. This study aimed to evaluate the caries-preventive effect of water fluoridation on permanent teeth after implementation of an 18-year community water fluoridation program in a suburban area.Methods: A survey was conducted in 2018 with 359 subjects, aged 8, 10, and 12 years, residing in the Hapcheon township area. In this prospective cohort study, the data on caries prevalence obtained from 671 subjects, aged 8, 10, and 12 years, in 2000, when the community water fluoridation program was initiated in the township, were used as a cohort to evaluate the caries-preventive effect after 18 years. The caries-preventive effect of community water fluoridation on permanent teeth was estimated by comparison of the adjusted DMFT scores between the program and the control group, and between the pre- and post-program data after 18 years. The confounding factor, mean number of fissure-sealed teeth, was adjusted to estimate the caries-preventive effect of fluoridation on permanent teeth.Results: Based on the results of the surveys conducted in Hapcheon-eup in 2000 and 2018, the mean number of fissure-sealed permanent teeth was 2.24 in 2000 and 1.38 in 2018. The mean DMFT scores of subjects aged 8, 10, and 12 years in 2018, adjusted for fissure-sealed permanent teeth in the fluoridated area, were significantly lower than those reported by the 2018 Korea National Children’s Oral Health Survey. In addition, the mean values of the adjusted DMFT scores of subjects aged 8, 10, and 12 years in 2018, after the 18-year fluoridation program, were significantly lower than those reported in 2000, the year the fluoridation program was initiated.Conclusions: Community water fluoridation has a high caries-reducing effect; thus, the reintroduction of water fluoridation program is desirable to prevent dental caries.
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Abstract : Objectives: This study assessed the antifungal effects of neutral electrolysis hydrogen water, an agent known for its oral anti-bacterial effects on the growth of C. albicans in vitro. Methods: Hydrogen water, denture cleansing agent, and Listerine® were compared to a tap water control. We serially cultured C. albicans KCTC 27239 in SD media to analyze the inhibitory effect of each treatment on growth. We evaluated the data using repeated-measures ANOVA test and one-way ANOVA test, and a significant difference was defined as P
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Abstract : Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the antibacterial effect of mastic oil on a representative caries-inducing bacterium, Streptococcus mutans.Methods: S. mutans UA159 was maintained in a BHI medium containing 0.1% sugar at 37℃ and 10% CO2. Strains were treated with six different concentrations of mastic oil (0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5%). After incubation for 16 h, the antibacterial effect was evaluated by measuring the optical density (OD) and observing the colony-forming unit. A microtiter plate assay was performed to analyze the anti-adhesion ability of mastic oil on S. mutans.Results: More than 0.1% of mastic oil inhibited the growth of S. mutans. In addition, 0.4% mastic oil exterminated S. mutans. Mastic oil induced an anti-adhesive ability in S. mutans.Conclusions: These results suggest that mastic oil may be used as a preventive measure against dental caries.
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Abstract : Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of preventing dental erosion caused by fermented milk in early carious teeth by applying 0.2% sodium fluoride to the tooth surface and adding 0.5% calcium to the drink.Methods: We selected the experimental drink Yakult, which is the best-selling domestic fermented milk drink. A total of five groups were selected as experimental groups (mineral water, fermented milk, 0.2% NaF+fermented milk, 0.2% NaF+(fermented milk+0.5% Ca), and 0.2% NaF+Distilled water groups). After forming the artificial early caries, the pH cycling was administered for five days to derive surface microhardness and scanning electron microscope (SEM) image results.Results: When comparing the surface microhardness before and after treatment in each group, significant differences were found among the four groups (P0.05). A comparison of the difference in surface microhardness before and after pH cycling among the groups revealed a significant difference (P0.05). The 0.2% NaF+fermented milk and fermented milk groups showed significant differences from the other groups (P0.05) showed smoother surfaces than the 0.2% NaF+fermented milk and fermented milk groups.Conclusions: Based on these results, it was confirmed that if 0.5% calcium was included in the fermented milk along with the fluoride mouth rinsing program in schools using 0.2% fluoride every week when drinking fermented milk, it is possible to effectively prevent dental erosion even in early carious teeth.
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Abstract : Objectives: One of the main causes of tooth loss in Korea is dental caries, a chronic disease affecting individuals of all ages worldwide. The average decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index, a measure of the caries experience of the population, has been stagnating in Korea for a number of years. The purpose of this study was to investigate the pattern of caries prevalence by tooth type, and to identify the characteristics and risk factors of the specific affected caries (SaC) and significant caries (SiC) groups in Korea’s 12-year-old children. Data were obtained from the 2018 Children’s Oral Health Survey.Methods: Data from a total of 22,303 subjects were included in the study. We grouped the data according to two DMFT-related indices, the SaC index, which includes all subjects who have experienced a carious lesion, and the SiC index, which includes the top one-third of the population by DMFT. We then analyzed the sociodemographic variables and oral health behaviors seen in these groups.Results: The average DMFT index for all the 12-year-old children was 1.89, and that of those in the SaC and SiC groups was 3.37 and 4.86, respectively. The teeth that were found to be most likely to develop caries were the mandibular and maxillary first molars, and the tooth associated with the highest mean DMFT index was the mandibular first premolar. Among the variables analyzed, perceived oral health status was the most influential variable in the SaC and SiC groups, followed by gender, and then the presence or absence of calculus. Household income was not a statistically significant variable.Conclusions: The results of this study revealed the characteristics common to 12-year-old children who are vulnerable to caries. This will provide valuable information when planning dental disease management projects.
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Abstract : Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of dry syrups on bovine tooth surfaces. Methods: Each specimen of the extracted bovine teeth enamel was treated with two types of dry syrup (experimental group), mineral water (negative control group), and liquid syrup (positive control group) (n=12 per group). The specimens were immersed for 1, 5, and 10 minutes and subsequently analyzed for surface microhardness changes using a Vickers hardness tester.Results: The surface microhardness of sound enamel decreased as the immersion time increased. In addition, the microhardness difference (ΔVHN) among the groups after immersion for 10 minutes in both liquid syrup and two types of dry syrup was higher than that after immersion in mineral water (P
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Abstract : Objectives: In this study, we aimed to investigate the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)-related knowledge, attitude, and performance among dental hygienists working in the hospitals. We believe that it is important to develop CPR education programs that would enable dental hygienists to offer accurate and timely aid in emergency situations.Methods: From June 20 to August 20, 2019, 220 dental hygienists at seven selected dental hospitals located in Gwangju Metropolitan City and Jeollanam-do, South Korea were requested to fill a questionnaire as part of a survey.The data regarding the general characteristics, CPR-related characteristics, and CPR-related knowledge, approach, and performance were collected, and analyzed using independent t-tests, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and simple regression analysis using the SPSS Windows ver. 25.0.Results: Correlation analysis revealed that high CPR-related knowledge and a more positive approach towards CPR are both associated with high confidence in performing CPR (r=0.37, r=0.415, r=0.605). Furthermore, factors, such as high CPR-related knowledge, positive attitude towards CPR, knowledge regarding the location of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in the hospital, and AED training experience significantly affects the CPR-related performance.Conclusions: Therefore, it is important to develop systematic and beneficial educational programs and provide and update educational material regularly in dental hospitals with an aim to improve CPR-related knowledge and attitude among the dental hygienists.
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J Korean Acad Oral Health 2020; 44(3): 130-137
Eun-kyoung Kim, Hae-Ryoung Park, Kyung-Yi Chung, Choong-Ho Choi, Seong-Soog Jeong
Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health 2020; 44(1): 7-12
Eun-Jeong Kim, Bo-Hyoung Jin
Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health 2020; 44(1): 13-19
Jeong-Hee Kang, Chul-Woung Kim, Cheoul-Sin Kim, Nam-Kyu Seo
Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health 2015; 39(1): 56-62
Hye-sung Kim, Eunsuk Ahn, Min-Young Kim, Sun-Mi Kim, Hosung Shin
Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health 2014; 38(1): 17-24
Se-Ho Ahn, Hae-Young You, Min-Ji Kim, Dong-Hun Han, Jin-Bom Kim1, Seung-Hwa Jeong
Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health 2012; 36(4): 289-296
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