JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health

ISSN(Print) 1225-388X ISSN(Online) 2093-7784

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Original Article

Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health 2015; 39(4): 245-250

Published online December 30, 2015 https://doi.org/10.11149/jkaoh.2015.39.4.245

Copyright © Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health.

Activity restriction caused by maxillofacial trauma in adolescents

In-Ja Kim, Sun-Ho Lee, Hyun-Jeong Ju, Sang-Su Park, Hyo-Won Oh, Heung-Soo Lee

Department of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea

Received: August 17, 2015; Revised: September 16, 2015; Accepted: October 1, 2015

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to (1) survey cases of maxillofacial trauma in adolescents and (2) analyze the relationship between maxillofacial trauma and activity restriction. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 881 participants selected using the convenience sampling method in the Jeollanam-do and Jeollabuk-do regions. Individual self-reporting questionnaire surveys were performed. Results: It was found that 17.2% of adolescents experienced maxillofacial traumas, and 45.3% of them reported activity restrictions caused by the the traumas. The occurrence ratio of maxillofacial trauma was higher in male students (20.6%) than in female students (14.0%). Among the activity restrictions caused by maxillofacial traumas, chewing disturbance was the most frequent activity restriction type, showing an incidence of 54.6%, and taste disturbance was the least frequent, showing an incidence of 9.3%. All the activity restrictions in adolescents were found to have relationships with maxillofacial trauma occurring within the recent one year. Among the activity restrictions, chewing disturbance was most closely related with the trauma. Conclusions: Since maxillofacial traumas cause activity restrictions in adolescents, it is necessary to prepare policies for the prevention of maxillofacial trauma. Furthermore, it is necessary to intensify the education regarding treatment methods for maxillofacial trauma.

Keywords: Adolescent, Disability, Injury, Oral health, Trauma