JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health

ISSN(Print) 1225-388X ISSN(Online) 2093-7784

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Original Article

Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health 2019; 43(4): 217-223

Published online December 30, 2019 https://doi.org/10.11149/jkaoh.2019.43.4.217

Copyright © Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health.

A study of the impact of dental hygienist concern on oral health care of the elderly

Jung Won Yun1, Yu Hee Lee2, Kyeung Ae Jang3, Jung Hwa Lee1

1Department of Dental Hygiene, Dong-Eui University, Busan, 2Department of Dental Hygiene, Masan University, Changwon, 3Department of Dental Hygiene, Silla University, Busan, Korea

Received: August 19, 2019; Revised: October 10, 2019; Accepted: November 2, 2019

Abstract

Objectives: There is currently little research on dental hygienists' interest and need related to oral care. To perform elderly oral care effectively, dental hygienists must understand the features of aging in the elderly. The purpose of this study is to investigate how dental hygienists' interest affects oral care for the elderly.
Methods: 232 dental hygienists completed a self-reported questionnaire from March to April 2019. The questionnaires consisted of general characteristics of the subjects (6 items), elderly patient experience (11 items), and questions regarding aging (7 items). This study analyzed collected data by frequency analysis, ANOVA, Pearson correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis.
Results: Correlation analysis between concern, need, and participation in elderly oral care showed a significant amount of correlation among all variables. We found that gender (P=0.022), education level (P=0.029), workplace type (P=0.002), and the proportion of future elderly patients were statistically significant (P=0.001) factors affecting the level of concern.
Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that experience in treating and caring for the elderly are essential factors for raising the interest and understanding of oral health care for elderly patients. Therefore, we should consider the development of various programs to raise interest in oral health for the elderly.

Keywords: Concern, Dental hygienist, Elderly, Oral care