Abstract : Objectives: The purpose of this study is to understand the relationship between dental hygiene students’ empathy, interpersonal skills, and clinical practice stress, and to improve the system and skills necessary in the clinical practice process so that individuals can adapt to and perform their duties as dental hygienists in the future.Methods: From the date of approval until August 30, 2022, dental hygiene students who have experienced clinical practice were conveniently extracted. The sample size was was determined with G*power 18.104.22.168 program and 190 participants were included in the final analysis. Data analysis used the IBM SPSS Statistics 26.0 program.Results: Factors affecting clinical practice stress were found to be significantly related to empathic concern and personal distress, which are sub-factors of empathy, and the explanatory power was 19.7%.Conclusions: Based on the above findings, in order to reduce dental hygiene students’ clinical practice stress and improve their interpersonal skills and empathy, it is necessary to provide a systematic program tailored to the student level, and further, to improve the quality of clinical practice education through industry-academia cooperation.
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Abstract : Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of carbonated drinks on acid production in Streptococcus mutans biofilm. Methods: Fifty one hour-old S. mutans biofilms were formed on hydroxyapatite discs. After selecting of the carbonated drinks (Coca cola, Coca cola zero sugar, Sprite, Sprite zero sugar, and Fanta), as well as negative (water) and positive (1% sucrose) controls for this study, glycolytic pH drop assay was performed using the S. mutans biofilms. The influence of the test agents on acid production of the 51 h-old biofilms was determined by the initial production rate and final concentration of protons, calculated using the pH values at 0-30 min and 120 min, respectively. Results: The pH values of the carbonated drinks ranged from 2.4 to 3.1. Sugar-free carbonated drinks and the negative control maintained the pH of acid produced by S. mutans biofilms above the critical pH. The sugar-added carbonated drinks and the positive control decreased the pH below the critical pH due to the acid production of S. mutans biofilms. Overall, sugar concentration in carbonated drinks was closely related to acid production in S. mutans biofilm. Conclusions: These results suggest that sugar-added carbonated beverages should be considered for their role in dental erosion and dental caries, while non-sugar-added carbonated beverages should emphasize their role in dental erosion rather than dental caries.
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Abstract : Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the correlation between the individual characteristics of the children and the teeth that had performed pulpectomy for children who visited Wonkwang University Dental Hospital for 5 years and had pulpectomy performed.Methods: Age, sex, number of teeth that had performed pulpectomy and restorative treatment at the time of diagnosis were investigated, and the correlation was statistically analyzed.Results: The number of teeth had performed pulpectomy and number of teeth had performed restorative treatment were statistically significant (P
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Abstract : Objectives: This study addressed longstanding issues in Korea’s public health dentist system by defining and standardizing job duties. A practical job description was drafted based on job analysis results to promote work efficiency and lay the groundwork for future educational programs. Methods: The job description elements were selected and drafted based on previous studies. These drafts were revised and refined with expert panel validation. Results: The main job duties of public health dentists encompass community oral health, dental practice, public oral health research, and special oral health, tailored for institutions such as health sub-centers, health centers, health clinics, national health organizations, and correctional facilities. For community oral health at public health subcenters involves 12 key duties including projects, education, and community engagement. Public health centers/clinics focus on 16 key duties mainly around health project planning and evaluation. Dental care across both settings has 15 main duties. Public oral health research emphasizes community surveys and epidemiology. Special oral health in correctional facilities covers 11 main duties including education and external resource linking. Conclusions: It concluded that for the development of public health dentists in South Korea, it is necessary to develop public health dentist education programs to promote the performance of public health dentists and to equip them with the competencies necessary to perform such duties, focusing on job descriptions organized around the characteristics of workplaces and major tasks.
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Abstract : Objectives: Cardio-cerebrovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death in advanced countries due to their upward-trending incidence rates. Preventing CVDs is imperative to ensure a healthy elderly life and prepare for an aging society. Considering the relationship between oral health and systemic health, effective oral health management will have an important role in preventing CVDs. This study aimed to examine the influence of oral health behaviors as risk factors for CVDs. Methods: A custom database combining data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service and the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2010 to 2017 was analyzed. The study included participants aged 35 or over (n=14,492) with recorded responses on oral health behaviors. Logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the association between oral health behaviors and CVDs. Results: The CVDs group was shown to practice inappropriate oral health management. In comparison to the non-CVDs group, the CVDs group showed a significantly higher rate of 8.0% in ‘once or less’ of toothbrushing frequency (P
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Abstract : Objectives: To investigate the effect of commercially available hard seltzer on the tooth enamel surface. Methods: Some commercially available hard seltzer were purchased at the market and the characteristics of the beverages were surveyed. Subsequently, Cloud hard seltzer mango was selected for the hard seltzer group (group 4), Jeju Samdasoo for the mineral water group (group 1), Coca-Cola for the cola group (group 2), and Cloud Original for the beer group (group 3). The specimens were immersed in the experimental beverage for 30 minutes, then the surface microhardness and surface condition of the specimens were evaluated. Results: The average pH of the twelve types of hard seltzer in this study were 3.51±0.01 (before stirring) and 3.46±0.01 (after stirring). The pH of experimental beverage were 7.92±0.03 (group 1), 2.55±0.01 (group 2), 4.41±0.01 (group 3), and 3.31±0.01 (group 4). Paired t-test of the surface microhardness of enamel before and after beverage immersion found no significant difference in group 1 (P>0.05), but a significant difference was observed in groups 2, 3, and 4 (P
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Abstract : Objectives: Rational planning and efficient management of the oral health workforce is essential for the promotion of oral health. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the distribution characteristics of dentists, using public big data. The results of this study could contribute to the development of the oral healthcare policies proposal and desirable dental services. Methods: The data of dentists working in medical institutions were analyzed by type and region from 2010 to 2020 using the Korean Statistical Information Service. Python version 3.10 was employed for data analysis and visualization, and the matplotlib and seaborn libraries were used to create graphs. Results: The average age of dentists working in medical institutions was 47.4 years in 2020 ― an increase by 5.3 years compared to the 2010 data. When considering different regions, the average age of dentists in major cities, including Seoul (49.7 years), was higher than in their surroundings areas (47.2-49.5 years). Conclusions: A continuous increase in the average age of dentists over the past 10 years and a difference in age distribution among different regions were observed. This is probably because new dental clinics are opening predominantly in smaller cities. Therefore, institutional support for new dental clinics in these areas is necessary to promote high-quality dental healthcare within regions. Additionally, oral healthcare services to vulnerable populations should be provided through a national oral healthcare policy utilizing these local dental clinics.
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Abstract : Objectives: The objective of this study was to analyze dental caries incidence in the permanent teeth of 12-year-old children.Methods: This study used the raw data from the 2015 Korean children’s oral health survey. Participants of the research were 12-year-old children in their first year of middle school. A total of 27,291 people participated in the questionnaire and oral examination. Statistical analysis was performed using complex samples frequency analysis and contingency coefficient phi (φ).Results: Dental caries predominately developed symmetrically with a higher tendency for left-right symmetry than for maxillary-mandibular symmetry in the mouth. The incidence of dental caries between adjacent teeth had a statistically significant correlation and was highest in the first and second premolars.Conclusions: Information on symmetry in the development of dental caries and the association of dental caries incidence between adjacent teeth of 12-year-old children should be actively utilized when establishing evidence-based dental caries management plans.
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