JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health

ISSN(Print) 1225-388X ISSN(Online) 2093-7784

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Original Article

Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health 2016; 40(3): 143-148

Published online September 30, 2016 https://doi.org/10.11149/jkaoh.2016.40.3.143

Copyright © Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health.

Anticancer effect of mastic on human oral cancer cells

Ji-Hye Kim1, Jung-Hyuck Choi1, Youn-Sook Jung1, Min-Jeong Cho1, Young-Eun Lee2, Dong-Ok Park2, Keun-Bae Song1

1Department of Preventive Dentistry, Kyungpook National University School of Dentistry, 2Department of Dental Hygiene, Daegu Health College, Daegu, Korea

Received: March 11, 2016; Revised: August 30, 2016; Accepted: September 9, 2016

Abstract

Objectives: Mastic is a resinous extract from the stem and main leaves of Pistacia lentiscus, grown only in the Chios island of Greece. Mastic has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and anti-ulcer activities. Although mastic has been widely studied, its inhibitory effect against cancer cells, especially oral cancer cells, has not been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to assess the anticancer effects of mastic on human oral cancer YD-10B cells.Methods: YD-10B cells were cultured in 0, 1, 2, 5, and 10μmg/mL mastic for 24 h. Cell count, viability, morphology, colony-forming assay, and DAPI staining were analyzed.Results: Mastic treatment of YD-10B cells resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of cell growth, and almost all the cells in the 10μmg/mL culture were dead (P<0.05). Mastic treatment induced a morphological change and nuclear fragmentation in the YD-10B cells, and inhibited colony formation of YD-10B cells in a dose-dependent manner.Conclusions: These results indicate that mastic exhibited anticancer effects on the YD-10B cells through changes in cell morphology and apoptosis.

Keywords: Apoptosis, Mastic, Oral cancer