JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health

ISSN(Print) 1225-388X ISSN(Online) 2093-7784

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Original Article

Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health 2017; 41(3): 214-221

Published online September 30, 2017 https://doi.org/10.11149/jkaoh.2017.41.3.214

Copyright © Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health.

Development of oral health literacy assessment tool for fifth and sixth grade elementary school students

Jinsil Hong1, Yuna Shin1, Kee-Wan Chang1,2

1Department of Preventive & Community Dentistry, 2Institute of Oral-bio Science, Chonbuk National University Dental School, Jeonju, Korea

Received: June 12, 2017; Revised: July 18, 2017; Accepted: July 26, 2017

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop and appraise an oral health literacy assessment tool for upper elementary school students.Methods: Twenty-eight preliminary assessment items were developed on the basis of various types of oral health education literature for children. They contained verbal and functional sections and they were classified into 2 cognitive processes (literal and inferential). The questionnaires were analyzed using the testAn v.1.0 program for identified Cronbach’s α, item discrimination, and difficulty through classical test theory. A final evaluation tool was developed and selected by conducting three surveys and 20 items.Results: The final survey was completed by 132 fifth and sixth grade elementary school students in Seoul. The Cronbach’s α value, item discrimination, and difficulty were .71, .38, and .75, respectively. The mean score for oral health literacy of children was 14.9 (±3.2, theoretical range: 0-20, 75% correct answers).Conclusions: These results suggest that this tool could be relied on to help determine the level of oral health literacy in children and in preparing appropriate oral health education programs for children.

Keywords: Children, Oral health literacy, Tool development