JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health

ISSN(Print) 1225-388X ISSN(Online) 2093-7784


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Original Article

Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health 2019; 43(2): 56-62

Published online June 30, 2019 https://doi.org/10.11149/jkaoh.2019.43.2.56

Copyright © Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health.

Menopause experience and the relationship between metabolic syndrome components and periodontitis

Ye Hwang Kim, Jung Hwa Lee

Department of Dental Hygiene, Dong-Eui University, Busan, Korea

Received: January 29, 2019; Revised: May 13, 2019; Accepted: May 18, 2019


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation of periodontitis with metabolic syndromes and menopause status.Methods: The 2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data of 645 postmenopausal and 663 premenopausal women were analyzed using the Pearson’s chi-squared test and multiple regression analysis with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (PASW statistics) software version 21.0. Metabolic syndromes and community periodontal index (CPI) were analyzed. Results: CPI 3, CPI 4 (P<0.001), and the prevalence of periodontal disease were significantly higher in the postmenopausal group (P<0.001). Periodontal disease was significantly higher (P<0.001) in postmenopausal women not using dental floss (2.69 times), hypertensive postmenopausal women (1.60 times), and premenopausal women with high blood glucose levels (1.67 times). In the multiple logistic regression analysis, after adjusting for age, smoking habit, and alcohol consumption, significant risk factors for periodontal disease were the lack of dental floss use (odds ratio [OR]: 1.83; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.26-2.67), menopause (OR: 1.71; 95% CI: 1.22-2.41), and number of metabolic syndromes (when 1 or 2, OR: 2.22 and 95% CI: 1.50-3.29; when 3 or more, OR: 2.22 and 95% CI: 1.58-3.13). Conclusions: In summary, menopause status is associated with periodontal disease. Therefore, oral health programs for middle-aged women with menopause and metabolic syndromes should be conducted to improve their oral health-related quality of life.

Keywords: Menopause status, Metabolic syndrome, Oral health-related quality of life, Periodontal disease