JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health

ISSN(Print) 1225-388X ISSN(Online) 2093-7784

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Original Article

Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health 2019; 43(3): 118-123

Published online September 30, 2019 https://doi.org/10.11149/jkaoh.2019.43.3.118

Copyright © Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health.

Changes in the composition of artificial cariogenic biofilms over time

Chul Oh, Santosh Pandit, Jae-Gyu Jeon

Department of Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Korea

Received: May 20, 2019; Revised: June 25, 2019; Accepted: July 11, 2019

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in the composition of artificial cariogenic biofilms using a Streptococcus mutans biofilm model over a period of time.
Methods: We analyzed the dry weight, colony forming unit (CFU) number, extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) biovolume, and acid production rate of S. mutans biofilms formed on saliva-coated hydroxyapatite discs after 26 h, 50 h, 74 h, 98 h, 171 h, and 195 h. In addition, we performed a laser scanning confocal fluorescence microscopy to determine the bacterial volume, EPS biovolume, and biofilm thickness. We calculated the biofilm density using dry weight and EPS biovolume.
Results: Over a period of time, there was no change in the CFU number and acid production rate of S. mutans biofilms, but there was an increase in the dry weight and EPS biovolume of S. mutans biofilms. The bacterial volume, EPS biovolume, and biofilm thickness only increased in the 50-h-old biofilm; however, no change was observed in 50-195-h-old biofilms. In addition, an increase in the biofilm density was observed over time.
Conclusions: These results suggest that the acid production ability of cariogenic biofilms does not change, but the biofilm density increases over time. However, due to scientific information, further research needs to be conducted in the field of dentistry to get further insights on the progression of cariogenic biofilms over time.

Keywords: Biofilm composition, Cariogenic biofilms, Change over time, Streptococcus mutans