JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health

ISSN(Print) 1225-388X ISSN(Online) 2093-7784


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Original Article

Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health 2012; 36(2): 106-114

Published online June 30, 2012

Copyright © Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health.

Prevalence of demand for dentures in Korean elderly receiving governmental support funds

Hye-Jung Jin1, Dong-Kie Kim2, Deok-Young Park3, Baek-Il Kim4, Keun-Bae Song1, Youn-Hee Choi1

1Department of Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, 2Department of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Chosun University, Gwangju, 3Department of of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Research Institute of Oral Science, Gangneung, 4Department of Preventive Dentistry and Public Oral Health, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea


Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the status of elderly dentures wearers and to understand the relationship between elderly welfare recipients and general elderly Koreans. Methods: A total of 3,810 subjects (3,458 general elderly and 352 elderly welfare recipients) over 65 years who participated in the Forth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were examined. Oral examinations were conducted to ascertain those that were wearing dentures and those that needed dentures. A questionnaire measured chewing ability, concern about oral health, oral health behaviors, pronunciation ability and socio-demographic characteristics. The statistical analysis was done by using the SPSS 19.0 program. Results: In the elderly welfare recipients, 28.2% was maxillary and 19.2% was mandible complete dentures and 36.0% had unmet denture treatment needs. In the general elderly, 21.7% was maxillary and 13.9% was mandible complete dentures and 24.3% had unmet denture treatment needs. The unmet denture treatment need in elderly welfare recipients was significantly higher than the general elderly after adjusting for other covariates. Conclusions: A denture service program is necessary for the elderly welfare recipients' oral health.

Keywords: Denture, Elderly, Receiving governmental support funds, Unmet treatment need