JKAOH Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health

ISSN(Print) 1225-388X ISSN(Online) 2093-7784


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Original Article

Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health 2014; 38(4): 238-245

Published online December 30, 2014 https://doi.org/10.11149/jkaoh.2014.38.4.238

Copyright © Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health.

Association of oral health status and related factors with oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) among patients in a dental hospital in Gwangju, Korea

Seong-Kug Jeong1, Seung-Hee Kim2, Dong-Kie Kim1, Byoung-Jin Lee1

1Department of Preventive and Public Health Dentistry, Chosun University School of Dentistry, 2Department of Dental Hygiene, Gwangju Health University, Gwangju, Korea

Received: October 6, 2014; Revised: November 17, 2014; Accepted: December 9, 2014


Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the association between oral health status and oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) among patients undergoing treatment in a dental hospital, in order to develop an oral health care method for improving oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL). Methods: A total of 980 patients aged 7-89 years were selected from a dental hospital between May 2011 and March 2014. Questionnaires on oral health impact profile (OHIP-14K) were distributed to the patients, and their dental records were examined to find out their oral health status. Results: OHIP-14 scores of patients with periodontal pockets over 4 mm and presence of chronic general disease were significantly higher than those without pockets and chronic disease (P<0.05). Factors such as age, gender, having prosthesis or dental implant, regular oral health care over a period of 1 year were not significantly associated with OHIP-14 scores. Conclusions: Periodontal health status and chronic general disease could be factors associated with OHRQoL. Thus, improving oral symptoms through professional oral care may help improve OHRQoL.

Keywords: Oral health care, Oral health impact profile, Periodontal diseases, Quality of life